A Survey of Later Western Civilization
|Course Number||HIS 112W|
|Course Description||Prerequisites: LEVEL 4 READING or LEVEL 2 WRITING. HIS 111 recommended. Studies political, social, economic, and cultural history of Europe from the 1600s to the present time. Gives particular attention to cultural and democratic movements and their influence on current history. Credit may be earned in HIS 112 or HIS 112H but not both. (60-0)|
Outcomes and ObjectivesDemonstrate an understanding of the rise of the modern nation state.
Demonstrate an understanding of the background, major figures, discoveries and implications, of the Scientific Revolution.
- Trace the general development of national states in the early modern period, describing their major characteristics and the role played by kings, aristocrats, and the bourgeoisie, examples of which include:
- The creation of the Spanish kingdom from the time of Muslim domination in the Middle Ages through the reign of Ferdinand and Isabella through the reign of Philip II.
- The growing power of the French monarchy from the Middle Ages, noting especially the role of religion in this development, through the absolutism reign of Louis XIV.
- The development, of the national state in England from the conquest of 1066 through the Glorious Revolution.
- The rise or failure of other nation states in Europe.
Demonstrate the many aspects of Enlightenment thought, and cite the application of Enlightenment principles to politics, society, and economics.
- Describe the general historical context in which the Scientific Revolution occurred and its implications which include:
- The medieval view of the universe and ways it synthesized the ideas of Aristotle and Ptolemy with the beliefs of Christianity.
- The development and implications of the "revolutionary" ideas of Copernicus.
- The relationship between Tycho and Kepler, Kepler's search for a harmonious cosmology, and the importance of his laws of planetary motion.* Galileo's work in astronomy and on the motion of objects, Revolutionary implications of his observations, Why the Catholic church condemned his teachings in 1632.
- Newton's new cosmological synthesis, in contrast with that of medieval thinkers, and the role assigned to God in the Newtonian universe.
- Other developments in the Scientific Revolution
- The consequences of the Scientific Revolution for other fields.
- The impact of science on modern thought, noting especially the methodology of the science, its conception of the universe, and its relationship to religion.
Demonstrate the differences in causes and consequences of the American and French Revolutions including the rise and fall of Napoleon.
- Understand the development and consequences of the Enlightenment, which includes:
- Explain how the ENLIGHTENMENT was related to the Scientific Revolution.* Describe the general characteristics shared by the philosophers.
- The role of Individuals as Voltaire in the Enlightenment, citing unique contributions and the ways in which they represented the thinking of other philosophies and other groups.
- Enlightenment Political thought including the political ideas of Hobbes and Locke, noting especially their views on human nature and the rights of man in society, also the political ideas and goals of Montesquesquieu and Rousseau and discuss their influence on modern political systems and thought.
- Enlightenment views about women, slavery, economics and other areas of thought.
- The development of the Enlightenment including: High Enlightenment, enlightened despotism, and the general influence.
Demonstrate the causes of the Industrial Revolution. Analyze the course of its development. Explain why the revolution began in Britain. Be aware of problems caused by industrialization and its general effects on society.
- Understand the revolution in politics (1775-1815) from the Continental Congress in the American Colonies of the British Empire to the Congress of Vienna at the end of the Napoleonic Era that includes:
- Explain what kind of revolution the American Revolution was.
- What role did the French play in the American Revolution.
- Explain the social history of the French Revolution.
- The influence of the Enlightenment and the American Revolution on the outbreak of revolutionary violence in France.
- How the revolutionaries became involved in foreign war and the effects of TOTAL war on France.
- What kind of man was Napoleon? How did he preserve certain aspects of the changes wrought by the French Revolution? How did Napoleon subvert various aspects of the French Revolution?
- Compare and contrast the phenomena of the Battle of Waterloo and the Congress of Vienna.
Demonstrate an understanding of some "isms" that have greatly influenced the modern mentality.
- Understand the rise and consequences of the Industrial Revolution in Western Europe which include:
- The preconditions, in Great Britain especially the effects of population growth and developments in agriculture, that allowed or encouraged industrialization.
- The development of new systems of transportation, communication, and finance, and explain their importance to industrialization.
- Describe the major changes in the social structure that resulted from the Industrial Revolution and Urbanization and account for the conditions in which the working class lived also discuss and assess the attempts made to bring about reforms and relief for those people who were adversely affected by the conditions of industrialization.
Demonstrate an understanding of the causes and consequences of the new imperialism.
- Trace the practical consequences of ideas that affect ethics, politics and economics which include:
- Define and describe conservatism and liberalism.
- Trace the roots of democratic political thought.
- Describe early socialism. Explain how it was a response to conditions growing out of the Industrial Revolution.
- Trace the emergence of nationalism to the French Revolution. Describe the major elements of nationalistic thought.
- Contrast realism with romanticism.
- Trace the roots of Darwin's theory of evolution. Discuss both the opposition to and acceptance of Darwin's ideas.
- Analyze Marx's interpretation of history. Explain what Marx believed about the destruction of capitalism.
- Trace liberal thought as it evolved toward an increasing incorporation of democratic ideas.
Demonstrate an understanding of the causes, crises, and consequences of World Wars I & II.
- Trace the process of European and American efforts to achieve global goals by imperialistic means that include:
- Discuss the various motives that contributed to the "new imperialism" pursued by European countries and the United States during the nineteenth century.
- Analyze the competing interests of European nations in Asia and Africa as well as the role of the U.S. in those areas as well as in Latin America.
- Describe various responses by non-Europeans to the imperialism by European nations.
- Explain the factors that caused the "retreat" by European countries from their former colonies during the 20th century.
Demonstrate an understanding of thought and culture in an era of World Wars and Totalitarianism.
- Demonstrate the immediate and long range responsibilities of all the major parties in precipitating each of the World Wars as well as the consequences of these conflicts which include:
- Describe attitudes in the various countries prior to the wars.
- Analyze motives for taking military action rather than using diplomatic means to resolve disputes in each war.
- Account for the entry of the U.S. into each war and compare the American war aims to those of the other combatants.
- Discuss the technological factors in each war and their impact on combatants and noncombatants.
- Assess the respective peace agreements.
Demonstrate an understanding of recovery and realignment after World War II.
- Describe the development of cultural disorientation and the consequences of modern consciousness which include:
- Trace the espousal of irrationality and the radical departure from traditional aesthetic norms from the late 19th century to the late 20th century.
- Explain the social and political consequences of cultural disorientation that are manifested in symptoms as boredom, anxiety and malaise.
- Describe the appeal of totalitarian ideologies as Marxist, Leninist, and Stalinist programs and Nazi Hitlerian fascism.
- Consider case studies of the cult of personality and the concept of ideology as religion.
- Explain the appeal of Christianity in times of pessimism and Nihilism.
- Discuss how some 20th century philosophies have their roots in 18th century idealism.
Perform writing tasks to promote learning of concepts.
- Describe the causes and consequences of the political and economic competition and other confrontations between the U.S. and the U.S.S.R., which would include:
- Explain the factors that led the U.S.S.R. and U.S. into the Cold War.
- Discuss the elements of economic and political recovery in Europe and Asia.
- Trace the process of de colonization and the emergence of new nationalism.
- Describe the impact of technology on the globalization of economics, social attitudes and spread of democratic politics.
- Explain the causes and consequences of international collective security as manifested in the activities of the United Nations.
Demonstrate the learning of concepts through writing.
- Document attainment of skills learned.
- Demonstrate knowledge of the subject.
- Analyze course content in written form.
- Explain the subject matter in a coherent writing style.