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Pharmacology In Imaging

Course NumberRAD 205W
Credits1
Lab Hours0
Lecture Hours15
Course DescriptionPrerequisites: RAD 150, RAD 160, and RAD 165 each with a "C" (2.0) minimum grade. Concurrent enrollment in RAD 210, RAD 212, RAD 215, RAD 220, and RAD 225. Presents the basic principles of pharmacology in imaging. Includes the basic techniques of venipuncture and the administration of diagnostic contrast agents and intravenous medications. (15-0)


Outcomes and Objectives

Demonstrate an understanding of pharmacological nomenclature and drug classifications.
Objectives:
  1. Recognize common definitions associated with pharmacology.
  2. Explain the nomenclature associated with pharmacology.
  3. Recognize the classifications of drugs.
  4. Explain the role of agencies such as:
  5. Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA)
  6. Bureau of Narcotics and Dangerous Drugs (BNDD)

Discuss the role of the medical imaging professional.
Objectives:
  1. Define the "Scope of Practice" for the radiographer.
  2. Explain the "Standards of Care" as they relate to the radiographer.
  3. Determine the legal ramifications of drug administration and venipuncture for imaging professionals.
  4. Define medical malpractice and medical negligence related to drug administration.

Demonstrate an understanding of biopharmaceutics, pharmacokinetics, and pharmacodynamics:
Objectives:
  1. Describe methods of effective drug administration.
  2. Explain liquid and solid dosage forms of drug administration.
  3. Discuss how drugs are absorbed, distributed, metabolized and eliminated from the body.
  4. Describe the mechanisms of drug action.
  5. Drug-receptor interactions.
  6. Drug-enzyme interactions.
  7. Drug-response relationships.
  8. Explain half-life as it relates to drug concentration.
  9. Discuss adverse effects of various drugs and drug-combinations.

Demonstrate an understanding of the pharmacology of contrast agents.
Objectives:
  1. Define radiopaque contrast.
  2. Explain the importance of iodine in contrast studies.
  3. Differentiate between osmolarity, osmolality, and osmotic activity.
  4. Identify the categories of intravascular contrast media.
  5. Discuss screening techniques in evaluation of patients.
  6. Identify specific drug interactions with radiopaque contrast media.

Demonstrate an understanding of the methods of drug administration.
Objectives:
  1. Explain the "five rights" of drug administration.
  2. Compare the advantages and disadvantages of various medication routes.
  3. Distinguish between needle gauges.
  4. Discuss the "General Administration guidelines".
  5. List the common abbreviations related to medication administration.
  6. Identify the antecubital vein used for IV injection.
  7. Demonstrate the procedure used for venipuncture.
  8. Explain extravasation.
  9. Discuss Universal Precautions as they relate to performing venipuncture.
  10. Explain the method for charting medications.

Demonstrate an understanding of emergency procedures and medications associated with drug/contrast media reactions.
Objectives:
  1. Explain the signs and symptoms of a patient in cardiac or respiratory arrest.
  2. List the basic steps in managing a patient in cardiac or respiratory arrest.
  3. List general medications used to treat patients in emergency situations.
  4. Explain various adverse effects related to emergency drug administration.
  5. Describe appropriate emergency procedures related to drug and/or contrast media reactions.

Successfully read, interpret and organize information and put into written form.
Objectives:
  1. Identify relevant articles from a written source.
  2. Organize an article to interpret information.
  3. Select important information from an article.
  4. Draw relevant conclusions from an article.
  5. Summarize information using appropriate writing skills.




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