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Introduction to Corrections

Course NumberCJ 130W
Lab Hours0
Lecture Hours45
Course DescriptionPrerequisite: READING LEVEL 1 or WRITING LEVEL 1. Provides an understanding of the agencies and institutions that have legal authority over the custody and supervision of offenders. Discusses major areas including the history and development of corrections, community based corrections, local, state and federal institutions, and institutional administration. Explores correctional treatment of female, male, and juvenile offenders. Covers the role of corrections in the total system of criminal justice. (45-0)

Outcomes and Objectives

Assess and understand historical and contemporary correctional philosophies and processes.
  1. Trace the origins and development of corrections
  2. Define the correctional process within the criminal justice system
  3. Compare and contrast the various correctional ideologies
  4. Describe the following principles and goals of corrections: incapacitation, deterrence, rehabilitation, retribution, and vengeance
  5. Define the various levels or classifications of crimes
  6. Describe the legal process of criminal cases
  7. Explain the role of the legislature, judges, and juries in the sentencing process
  8. List the sentencing alternatives available
  9. Describe the appellate review process
  10. Synthesize all of the above and explain the impact on today's corrections system.

Demonstrate an understanding between probation and parole
  1. Describe the purposes of probation and parole
  2. Describe the types and conditions of probation and parole
  3. List the types of probation and parole violations that may lead to revocation
  4. Describe the problems encountered by parolees
  5. Assess, analyze, and contrast the effectiveness of probation and parole
  6. Explain the contemporary issues surrounding probation and parole

Demonstrate a comprehensive understanding of correctional legal issues
  1. Define the rights of prisoners as they relate to the areas of: right to medical treatment, freedom of speech, freedom of press, right to access to courts and legal resources, personal safety, freedom of religion, and right to counsel

Demonstrate an understanding of community-based corrections
  1. Describe the history of community based corrections
  2. Explain the various types of community-based programs sponsored by local, state, federal, and private organizations
  3. Describe the political, economical, and social problems encountered by community-based correctional institutions
  4. Differentiate between community-based corrections and various other correctional institutions

Analyze and demonstrate an understanding of the various types of individuals that make up correctional institutions.
  1. Compare and contrast the responsibilities of various correctional personnel including: Warden, Assistant Warden, Jail Administrator, Deputy Warden, Sheriff, and Correctional Officer
  2. Describe the various types of correctional offenders that are incarcerated in local, state, and federal correctional institutions.

Perform writing tasks to promote learning of concepts.
  1. Document attainment of skills learned.
  2. Demonstrate knowledge of the subject.

Write effectively for a specific audience and purpose.
  1. Articulate important ideas.
  2. Select, organize, and present details to support a main idea.
  3. Employ conventions of written, edited, standard English (WESE) or the language of instruction.
  4. Use appropriate vocabulary for the audience and purpose.

Demonstrate the learning of concepts through writing.
  1. Analyze course content in written form.
  2. Explain the subject matter in a coherent writing style.

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