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Elements of Grammar

Course NumberENG 107W
Credits2
Lab Hours0
Lecture Hours30
Course DescriptionAcquaints or refreshes students with useful, basic grammatical concepts and options in written language. Includes illustration and practice of sentence structure, usage, and punctuation. Strengthens writing skill and language awareness in college or in the work force. (30-0)


Outcomes and Objectives

Recognize distinctions between spoken and written English.
Objectives:
  1. Recognize the value of oral patterns of communication.
  2. Recognize the inappropriateness of certain oral patterns for written texts.

Apply the design of the fundamental building blocks of language: clauses, phrases, and sentences.
Objectives:
  1. Define the make-up of clauses, phrases, and sentences
  2. Explain the nature and usefulness of these building blocks.
  3. Apply normal order of words in these building blocks and recognize possible variations in design, as well as the functions of variations.

Demonstrate relationships among clauses, phrases, and sentences and recognize options in using them.
Objectives:
  1. Expand the use of coordination from informal stringing together of ideas to crafting well-formed series of ideas.
  2. Discover the resources of subordination to connect, focus, and develop ideas.
  3. Discover the power of modification in detailed, precise description and development of ideas.

Apply punctuation as a reader-oriented system.
Objectives:
  1. Explain why and how the comma is used to meet readers' expectations for clearly readable sentence structure.
  2. Recognize common misuses of the comma or period as breeches in sentence structure.
  3. Explain how transitional words, phrases, and clauses are punctuated for readers.
  4. Describe the role of apostrophes in contractions and of apostrophes and hyphens in creating adjectives.
  5. Recognize subtle options in punctuating:
    1. Dashes, parentheses, the colon, and brackets
    2. Distinctions in the function of the semicolon and the colon.




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