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Basic Sciences for Respiratory Care

Course NumberRT 100
Credits2
Lab Hours0
Lecture Hours30
Course DescriptionPrerequisite: MATH LEVEL 4 or MTH 097 with "C" (2.0) minimum grade within the past five years. Introduces the basic principles of math, chemistry, and physics utilized in the field of respiratory care. Emphasizes the physical and chemical principles relating to liquids and gases as they provide a foundation for the study of respiratory care. Includes a required job shadow experience to become validated. This may require that students complete an online training session, have proof of a negative TB tine test and other supporting documentation before gaining access to the agency. (30-0)


Outcomes and Objectives

Demonstrate, through successful completion of written examination, the ability to:
Objectives:
  1. Convert between various units of the metric system.
  2. Perform English-Metric conversions.
  3. List three elements of a logarithmic expression.
  4. Describe two methods of expressing logarithms.
  5. Identify the following components of logarithms:
    1. Characteristic
    2. Mantissa
  6. Determine logs

Demonstrate, through successful completion of written examination, the ability to:
Objectives:
  1. Describe Dalton's Atomic Theory.
  2. Define the following terms:
    1. Atom
    2. Atomic Number
    3. Atomic Weight
    4. Gram Atomic Weight
    5. Isotope
    6. Ion
    7. Molecule
    8. Molecular Weight
    9. Gram Molecular Weight
    10. Valence
    11. Compound
    12. Solution
    13. Solute
    14. Solvent
  3. Describe the components of an atom.
  4. Calculate molecular weights based on molecular formula.
  5. List the properties of:
    1. Ionic compounds
    2. Covalent compounds
  6. Describe the different types of solution concentrations.
  7. Solve problems involving different solution concentrations.
  8. Solve dilution calculations
  9. State the atomic and molecular weights of oxygen and nitrogen, and explain the difference between their atomic and molecular states.

Demonstrate, through successful completion of written examination, the ability to:
Objectives:
  1. Explain the Kinetic Theory of gases.
  2. Convert between the various units of pressure.
  3. Convert between various temperature scales:
    1. Celsius
    2. Kelvin
    3. Fahrenheit
  4. Explain Avogadro's Law.
  5. State the molar volume a STPD
  6. Apply Avogadro's law to calculate the density of gases.
  7. Explain each of the following:
    1. Boyle's Law
    2. Charle's Law
    3. Gay-Lussac's Law
    4. Combined Gas Law
    5. Dalton's Law
  8. For each of the above identify various:
    1. Mathematical expressionsof the law
    2. Applications of the Law
  9. Solve mathematical computations involving the various gas laws.
  10. Explain the following:
    1. ATPS
    2. BTPS
    3. STPD

Demonstrate, through successful completion of written examination, the ability to:
Objectives:
  1. Explain each of the following:
    1. Fick's
    2. Henry's Law
    3. Graham's Law
    4. Law of Continuity
    5. Bernoulli Principle
    6. Venturi Principle
    7. Poiseuille's Law
    8. Reynold's Number
  2. Describe the relationship between the factors in the mathematical expressions of the above laws.
  3. Describe the relationship between the factors that affect the diffusion of gases.
  4. State the solubility coefficient of oxygen and carbon dioxide in plasma at body temperature.
  5. Explain laminar and turbulent gas flow.




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