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General Physics I

Course NumberPHY 111
Lab Hours45
Lecture Hours60
Course DescriptionPrerequisites: READING LEVEL 2 and WRITING LEVEL 2 and MATH LEVEL 6. Either trigonometry or both high school physics and MATH LEVEL 6. Examines the basic physical principles involving mechanics, heat, and sound. (60-45)

Outcomes and Objectives

Manipulate fundamental and derived units of the English, metric cgs and metric (SI) systems.
  1. State fundamental units in the three systems.
  2. State derived units in the three systems.
  3. Convert from one system to another.
  4. Calculate material density from mass and dimensions.

Describe the motion of a particle in a straight line (one-dimentional motion).
  1. Define position, velocity, acceleration, displacement, average velocity, instantaneous velocity.
  2. Interpret graphs of displacement, velocity, acceleration.
  3. Analyze the slope of a graph.
  4. Analyze the area under a graph.
  5. Apply the basic kinematics equations.
  6. Describe the motion of a falling object under the influence of gravity.
  7. Solve linear motion problems using the kinematics equations.

Describe the motion of a particle in a two-dimensional space. Solve two-dimensional problems.
  1. Define and calculate components of position and velocity vectors, magnitude and direction.
  2. Add and subtract vectors.
  3. Resolve components into vector magnitude and direction.
  4. Describe motion of a particle in free flight (a Projectile).
  5. Solve two-dimensional motion problems.
  6. Solve relative motion problems.

Describe Newton's laws of motion. Determine the force of friction.
  1. Define the three laws of Newton, action-reaction, F=ma and inertia.
  2. Define forces, determine reaction forces and draw force diagrams.
  3. Extract relevant forces into a free body diagram.
  4. Apply sum of force equations.
  5. Recognize direction of the inertial force.
  6. Relate friction force to the normal force; determine he direction of the friction force.
  7. Solve systems of equations for the unknown force or acceleration.
  8. Eliminate unwanted forces from equations.
  9. Solve Atwood's machine relationships and variations.

Describe motion of a particle moving in a circular path. Solve rotational problems.
  1. Define centripetal acceleration.
  2. Define centrifugal force.
  3. Apply centrifugal force to a mass moving in a circular orbit.
  4. Apply centrifugal force to a car going around a flat, circular track.
  5. Apply centrifugal force to a carnival ride where the floor drops away.
  6. Apply centrifugal force to a car going around a banked track.
  7. Define Newton's law of gravitation.
  8. Solve satellite problems for radius and height of the orbit.

Identify forms of energy. Use energy conservation to solve problems.
  1. Define kinetic energy.
  2. Define potential energy.
  3. Define spring energy.
  4. Define work energy.
  5. Define conservative and non-conservative forces.
  6. Analyze problem using conservation of energy.

Define momentum in terms of Newton's second law. Apply momentum conservation to solve problems.
  1. Define momentum.
  2. Define impulse.
  3. Analyze collision problems using the conservation of momentum.
  4. Define elastic and inelastic collisions.
  5. Apply both energy and momentum conservation to solve elastic collision problems.

Define angular quantities. Solve rotational kinematics problems.
  1. Define angular distance.
  2. Define angular velocity.
  3. Define angular acceleration.
  4. Relate angular quantities to linear quantities.
  5. Convert angular velocity to frequency and period of rotation.
  6. Solve rotational motion problems using the rotational kinematics equations.

Describe the motion of a rotational mass. Solve rotational dynamics problems.
  1. Define moment of inertia.
  2. Add moments of inertia of several parts of a rotating system.
  3. Translate axis of a rotating system.
  4. Define torque (or moment).
  5. Define Newton's second law in terms of rotational dynamics (torque).
  6. Use torque and force equations to solve statics problems.
  7. Define rotational kinetic energy.
  8. Define rotational momentum.
  9. Apply conservation of angular momentum in the absence of friction.
  10. Solve rotational dynamics problems using the rotational dynamics equations.

Describe the elastic nature of solids and liquids. Solve oscillatory systems for frequency and period of motion.
  1. Define spring constant.
  2. Define elastic modulus for solids.
  3. Define bulk modulus for liquids.
  4. Define frequency and angular frequency.
  5. Define period of oscillation.
  6. Solve oscillation problems for spring oscillator, simple pendulum, physical pendulum, torsional pendulum and inertial pendulum.
  7. Solve material problems for stress, strain and elastic modulus.

Describe the displacement of solid objects in fluid. Describe the motion of fluids through pipe. Solve fluid flow problems.
  1. Define Archimedes' principle.
  2. Define Bernoulli's equation.
  3. Define the continuity equation.
  4. Define viscous flow.
  5. Solve problems using Archimedes' principle and Bernoulli's equation.
  6. Apply Bernoulli's equation to a venturi, manometer, pitot tube, airplane wing.

Convert between temperature systems. Solve thermal expansion problems. Solve calorimetry problems.
  1. Define Celsius, Fahrenheit, Kelvin and Rankine temperature systems.
  2. Convert temperatures from one system to another.
  3. Define linear, area and volumetric expansion.
  4. Solve thermal expansion problems.
  5. Define specific heat capacity.
  6. Solve calorimetry problems using conservation of thermal energy.

Describe heat transfer. Solve heat transfer problems.
  1. Define conductive heat transfer.
  2. Solve conduction problems.
  3. Define convective heat transfer.
  4. Solve convection problems.
  5. Solve combination conduction/convection problems.
  6. Define radiative heat transfer.
  7. Solve radiative heat transfer problems.

Describe the kinetic theory of gases. Describe the ideal gas laws. Solve ideal gas problems. Find the average velocity of gas molecules.
  1. Define the kinetic theory of gases.
  2. Define Boyle's law (isothermal).
  3. Define Boyle's law (adiabatic).
  4. Define Charles' law.
  5. Define Gay Lussac's law.
  6. Define the ideal gas law and the ideal gas constant.
  7. Define the limits on heating of an ideal gas during compression.
  8. Solve the ideal gas problems.
  9. Determine the average velocity of an ideal gas mole.

Describe the three laws of thermodynamics. Solve thermodynamics problems. Determine the thermodynamic efficiency of thermal engines and refrigerators.
  1. Define the zeroth law of thermodynamics.
  2. Define the first law of thermodynamics - conservation of energy.
  3. Define the second law of thermodynamics in terms of the Clausius statement, the Kelvin-Plauch statement and the Carnot efficiency.
  4. Solve thermodynamic problems.

Describe the wave nature of sound. Solve sound wave problems.
  1. Define wave length, wave velocity.
  2. Define speed of sound.
  3. Define the Doppler effect.
  4. Calculate frequency of a pipe in terms of length.
  5. Calculate frequency of a string in terms of length, mass, and tension.

Describe interference and diffraction. Describe the three attributes of sound.
  1. Define interference.
  2. Define diffraction.
  3. Define the three attributes of sound.
  4. Define and solve standing wave problems.

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