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Group Fitness Instructor

Course NumberLWT 242
Credits4
Lab Hours0
Lecture Hours60
Course DescriptionPrerequisites: BIO 101 or BIO 152; and LW 220 or LW 221; and concurrent enrollment in one of the following: LWA 151, LWA 153, LWA 155, or LWA 157. Introduces the skills and knowledge needed to become a certified Group Fitness Instructor. Includes how to screen and evaluate prospective clients, design safe and effective exercise programs, instruct clients in correct exercise techniques to avoid injury, and respond to the typical questions and problems that arise in a group exercise setting. (60-0)


Outcomes and Objectives

Describe and explain the concepts and components of aerobic instruction.
Objectives:
  1. Identify and describe cardio respiratory physiology terms as they apply to endurance training, e.g., cardiac output, stroke volume, oxygen consumption ventilation, respiration, and aerobic capacity.
  2. Identify and describe the following anatomical and directional terms: anterior, posterior, medial, lateral, dorsal, ventral, plantar, superior, inferior, prone, and supine.
  3. Identify the six categories of nutrients, their functions, and current dietary guidelines according to the U.S.R.D.A.
  4. Identify and describe the principles of training endurance, e.g., overload, specificity, reversibility, progression, frequency, training effect, and adaptation.
  5. Identify the anatomical planes: sagittal, frontal, and transverse.
  6. Explain special nutritional needs as they apply to osteoporosis and anemia.
  7. Identify the benefits of endurance training, e.g., improvement in aerobic capacity, weight control, and reduced stress levels, body fat, and risk of heart disease.
  8. Explain the fundamental movements from the anatomical position, e.g., abduction, adduction, elevation, depression, flexion, dorsiflexion, plantar flexion, and rotation.
  9. Identify nutritional misinformation and misconceptions, e.g., salt tablets and protein powders.
  10. Identify the risk factors for coronary artery disease and their impact on normal cardio respiratory function.
  11. Explain the types of muscular contractions: isokinetic, isometric, isotonic (eccentric and concentric).
  12. Identify and describe cholesterol, lipoproteins, and triglycerides.
  13. Describe the relationship between heart rate, exercise intensity, and oxygen requirement.
  14. Explain normal postural alignment and normal curvature of the back: kyphosis and ordosis.
  15. Identify and describe supplements and ergogenic aids, e.g., bee pollen and caffeine.
  16. Identify and describe the five components of physical fitness.
  17. Explain the abnormal curvatures of the back: excessive kyphosis, excessive lordosis, and scoliosis.
  18. Identify the toxic effects of over-supplementation of vitamins.
  19. Identify training principles for improving the five components of fitness.
  20. Identify the different agonist, antagonist, and synergist, and pair opposing muscles.
  21. Explain hydration with water versus "sports drinks."
  22. Identify and describe the following terms pertaining to muscular fitness training effect, resistance, overload, specificity, repetitions, sets, frequency, rest periods, progression, and muscle atrophy, and hypertrophy.
  23. Explain the principle of muscle balance.
  24. Identify special dietary needs with respect to referral to a registered dietician.
  25. Identify and describe the various methods of using resistance during muscular fitness training: body weight, gravity, bands, hand weights, and leverage.
  26. Explain the potential risks associated with certain exercises, e.g., double leg raises, full neck circles, trunk hyperextension, and so on.
  27. Explain the signs and symptoms of atypical eating behaviors.
  28. Identify the risks associated with performing the Valsalva maneuver during resistance training.
  29. Explain the factors that affect movement: neurological, proprioceptive, biomechanical, and kinesthetic awareness.
  30. Explain concepts from environmental physiology that may affect exercise performance, including heat, humidity, altitude, cold, and pollution and physiological responses, recommended precautions.
  31. Identify static and dynamic stretches and the risks and benefits of each method.
  32. Identify and describe the various components of an aerobic class, e.g., warm-up, pre/post cardiorespiratory conditioning, cool-down, muscular conditioning and flexibility exercises, and final cool-down.
  33. Identify and describe safe and effective weight loss methods.
  34. Identify the terms hypermobility, flexibility, and tightness and their relationship of joint mobility and muscular flexibility.
  35. Identify the components of an exercise program, including frequency, intensity, duration, mode of activity, and progression.
  36. Identify and describe the methods of determining ideal body weight, e.g., height/weight charts, scale, body composition.
  37. Identify the risks associated with muscular strength training: improper body mechanics and lifting techniques that may result in acute and chronic overuse injuries.
  38. Explain the various methods of determining and monitoring exercise intensity, including target heart rate, Borg's rating of perceived exertion, and the talk test.
  39. Identify and describe extreme approaches to weight loss, e.g., fasting, spot reduction, diet pills, drugs.
  40. Identify and describe the different muscle fiber types and their individual characteristics.
  41. Explain the current American College of Sports Medicine guidelines for imp[roving and maintaining good fitness levels.
  42. Identify and describe music and basic musical terms: beat, upbeat, downbeat, accent, meter measure, phrasing, rhythm, tempo, syncopation, and dynamics.
  43. Identify how osteoporosis and osteoarthritis affect the skeletal system.
  44. Explain the various methods of fitness assessments including submaximal and maximal aerobic capacity tests, muscular strength and endurance tests, flexibility, and body composition tests.
  45. Identify the basic elements of movement variations: spatial, e.g., planes, lines, direction, floor pattern; and temporal, e.g., rhythmic, tempo, phrasing.
  46. Identify and describe the key terms in neuromuscular physiology: motor neurons, motor unit, and neuromuscular junction.
  47. Explain the benefits of regular exercise for specific conditions such as coronary artery disease, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, musculoskeletal disorders, obesity, and asthma.
  48. Identify the techniques, precautions, and limitations for monitoring heart rate of the radial, carotid, temporal, and apical sites.
  49. Explain the roles of Golgi tendon organ and muscle spindles in the regulation of muscle contraction.
  50. Identify the modifications necessary for a participant with a medical condition who has been cleared by a physician or appropriate medical personnel.
  51. Identify and describe choreography with respect to: variation, repetition, and transition.
  52. Explain motor skills with respect to agility, balance, and coordination.
  53. Explain physiological processes and exercise implications for older adults, including musculoskeletal, cardiorespiratory, metabolic, and psychosocial systems.
  54. Identify the three types of statements used when giving knowledge of results (KR): corrective, value, and neutral.
  55. Identify the fundamentals of metabolic physiology, including anaerobic metabolism (ATP-CP system and glycolysis), oxidative metabolism, and fatty acid oxidation.
  56. Identify appropriate motivational reinforcement techniques for special populations and how to optimize adherence and other healthy lifestyle behaviors.
  57. Identify and describe the various types and appropriate usage of cues.
  58. Explain aerobic and anaerobic metabolism and the roles of each during various physical activities.
  59. Identify and describe the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists recommendations for exercise during pregnancy and the postpartum period, as well as contraindications and warning signs to cease exercise.
  60. Identify and describe voice projection and vocal control.
  61. Explain the roles of carbohydrates, fats, and proteins as fuel for aerobic and anaerobic exercise.
  62. Identify special concerns of working with children including thermoregulation, anaerobic capacity, intensity monitoring and safety.
  63. Identify the principles of rhythm necessary for timing cues to ensure safe and effective instruction.
    1. Identify and describe common chronic and acute exercise injuries.
  64. Identify and describe the following definitions: kilocalorie, caloric expenditure, caloric deficit, caloric intake, and energy balance.
  65. Identify and describe youth fitness testing methods.
  66. identify the features and operation of sound equipment.
  67. Describe the basic components of and the general pathway of blood through the cardiorespiratory system, e.g., heart, vessels, lungs.
  68. Explain the importance of program design, including: gradual increase in exercise intensity, improvement in adequate muscular strength and flexibility, proper body mechanics, and appropriate clothing and equipment.
  69. Identify the appropriate volume levels and sound quality needed to ensure safe and effective instruction.
  70. Identify and describe the general anatomy of the heart, cardiovascular system, and cardiorespiratory system.
  71. Explain issues related to body image.
  72. Identify and describe basic CPR and first aid procedures.
  73. Identify the major components of the musculoskeletal system, e.g., bones, muscles, ligaments, tendons.
  74. Explain the issues related to self-efficacy and obsessive/compulsive behavior in a group exercise setting.
  75. Identify and describe the principles of exercise instruction.
  76. Explain the function of the different joints of the body.
  77. Identify the principles of the learning theory with respect to effective teaching in a group exercise setting.
  78. Identify the principles of evaluating performance.

Describe and explain the concepts and components of aerobic instruction. Identify the assumptions of risk, including waiver, warning, and informed consent. Identify and describe liability including facilities, equipment, supervision, instruction, exercise recommendations, and health screening. Identify and describe the ACE code of ethics. Describe accurate record keeping and incident/accident reports. Identify and describe professional liability insurance. Identify and describe general liability insurance. Identify and describe the available continuing education programs offered through individuals, conferences, colleges/universities, seminars, workshops, etc.
Objectives:

    Demonstrate the concepts and components of aerobic instruction.
    Objectives:
    1. Develop exercises that promote pelvic and scapular stability.
    2. Move rhythmically to the music, e.g., to the beat, synchronization with musical phrases.
    3. Educate participants on proper body mechanics.
    4. Effectively operate sound equipment and determine appropriate volume levels.
    5. Design and perform safe and effective exercises for all major muscle groups.
    6. Select appropriate instructional strategies to motivate participants to excel.
    7. Apply the results of the fitness assessments to the development or modification of an exercise.
    8. Select alternatives to contraindicated exercises.
    9. Identify age characteristics and exercise implications for the older adult.
    10. Demonstrate appropriate First Aid and CPR procedures.
    11. Monitor exercise levels during pregnancy using hr, rpe, and respiration.
    12. Select appropriate field test protocols for group exercise.
    13. Develop safe and effective exercise programs for different populations, e.g., pregnant, elderly, children.
    14. Administer basic fitness assessments.
    15. Design a safe and effective exercise class by applying knowledge of anatomy, physiology, and kinesiology.
    16. Interpret the results of basic fitness assessments.
    17. Demonstrate safe and effective exercises for commonly used exercise equipment and their applications: handheld weights, resistance bands, and step/bench.
    18. Complete an accident/incident report.
    19. Apply different modes of activity and associated exercises to the design of an exercise class.
    20. Select appropriate music to motivate class participants and encourage adherence to exercise.
    21. Select music with appropriate tempo for safe and effective exercise participation.
    22. Select a safe and effective environment in order to maximize safety for class participants.
    23. Choreograph movement for an aerobic class.
    24. Simplify and break down movements into modes and components of a class.
    25. Combine all movements in all modes and components of a class.
    26. Demonstrate palpating heart rates at the radial, carotid, temporal, and apical sites correctly.
    27. Evaluate intensity monitoring methods and making appropriate adaptations for a group or an individual.
    28. Recognize incorrect posture and improper execution of exercises.
    29. Incorporate appropriate adaptations for musculoskeletal conditions associated with arthritis, back problems, and osteoporosis.
    30. Incorporate adaptations for respiratory conditions associated with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease including asthma, bronchitis, and emphysema.
    31. Incorporate appropriate adaptations for metabolic concerns associated with hypoglycemia, diabetes, and obesity.
    32. Select and use appropriate cues.
    33. Project the voice safely and effectively.
    34. Apply basic principles of nonverbal cueing for hearing impaired participants or participants who no not speak the language of the instructor.
    35. Use effective methods to count music, e.g., organize beats into metered groups, tracking measures, and phrases.




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