|Course Number||PHY 211|
|Course Description||Prerequisites: READING LEVEL 2 and WRITING LEVEL 2, and MTH 161, with a minimum grade of "C" (2.0). High school physics recommended. Examines the basic physical principles involving mechanics, heat, and sound. Meets the needs of Science and Engineering majors. (75-45)|
Outcomes and ObjectivesManipulate fundamental and derived units of the English, metric cgs and metric mks (SI) systems.
Describe the motion of a particle in a straight line.
- State fundamental units in the three systems.
- State derived units in the three systems.
- Convert from one system to another.
- Calculate material density from mass and dimensions.
Describe the motion of a particle in a two-dimensional space. Solve two-dimensional problems.
- Define position, velocity, acceleration, displacement, average velocity, instantaneous velocity.
- Interpret graphs of displacement, velocity, acceleration.
- Analyze the slope of a graph.
- Analyze the area under a graph.
- Apply the basic kinematics equations.
- Describe the motion of a falling object under the influence of gravity.
- Solve linear motion problems using the kinematics equations.
- Apply differentiation and integration to kinematics problems.
Describe Newton's laws of motion. Determine the force of friction.
- Define and calculate components of position and velocity vectors, magnitude and direction.
- Add and subtract vectors.
- Resolve components into vector magnitude and direction.
- Describe motion of a particle in free flight (a projectile).
- Solve two-dimensional motion problems.
- Solve relative motion problems.
Identify forms of energy. Use energy conservation to solve problems.
- Define the three laws of Newton, action-reaction, F = ma and inertia.
- Define forces, determine reaction forces and draw force diagrams.
- Extract relevant forces into a free body diagram.
- Apply sum of force equations.
- Recognize direction of the inertial force.
- Relate friction force to the normal force; determine the direction of the friction force.
- Solve systems of equations for the unknown force or acceleration.
- Eliminate unwanted forces from equations.
- Solve Atwood's machine relationships and variations.
Define momentum in terms of Newton's second law. Apply momentum conservation to solve problems.
- Define kinetic energy.
- Define potential energy.
- Define spring energy.
- Define work energy.
- Define conservative and non-conservative forces.
- Analyze problem using conservation of energy.
- Apply integration to finding total work done.
Describe motion of a particle moving in a circular path. Solve rotational problems.
- Define momentum.
- Define impulse.
- Analyze collision problems using the conservation of momentum.
- Define elastic and inelastic collisions.
- Apply both energy and momentum conservation to solve elastic collision problems.
Define angular quantities. Solve rotational kinematics problems.
- Define centripetal acceleration.
- Define centrifugal force.
- Apply centrifugal force to real-life problems.
Describe the motion of a rotational mass. Solve rotational dynamics problems.
- Define angular distance.
- Define angular velocity.
- Define angular acceleration.
- Relate angular quantities to linear quantities.
- Convert angular velocity to frequency and period of rotation.
- Solve rotational motion problems using the rotational kinematics equations.
Describe the elastic nature of solids and liquids. Solve oscillatory systems for frequency and period of motion.
- Define moment of inertia.
- Add moments of inertia of several parts of a rotating system.
- Translate axes of a rotating system.
- Define torque (or moment).
- Define Newton's second law in terms of rotational dynamics (torque).
- Use torque and force equations to solve statics problems.
- Define rotational kinetic energy.
- Define rotational momentum.
- Apply conservation of angular momentum in the absence of friction.
- Solve rotational dynamics problems using the rotational dynamics equations.
Describe motion of planets by Kepler's Laws. Define Newton's law of gravitation.
- Define spring constant.
- Define elastic modulus for solids.
- Define bulk modulus for liquids.
- Define frequency and angular frequency.
- Define period of oscillation.
- Solve oscillation problems for spring oscillator, simple pendulum, physical pendulum, torsional pendulum and inertial pendulum.
- Solve material problems for stress, strain and elastic modulus.
- Write the differential equation of a sping-mass system.
- Solve the resulting differential equation.
Describe the displacement of solid objects in fluid. Describe the motion of fluids through pipe. Solve fluid flow problems.
- Define Kepler's Laws.
- Define Newton's law of gravitation.
- Solve satellite problems for radius and height of the orbit.
Describe the wave nature of sound. Solve sound wave problems.
- Define Archimedes's principle.
- Define Bernoulli's equation.
- Define the continuity equation.
- Define viscous flow.
- Solve problems using Archimedes' principle and Bernoulli's equation.
- Apply Bernoulli's equation to a venturi, manometer, pitot tube, airplane wing.
Describe interference and diffraction. Describe the three attributes of sound.
- Define wave length, wave velocity.
- Define speed of sound.
- Define the Doppler effect.
- Calculate frequency of a pipe in terms of length.
- Calculate frequency of a string in terms of length, mass and tension.
- Write and solve the equation of motion for a vibrating string.
Convert between temperature systems. Solve thermal expansion problems. Solve calorimetry problems.
- Define interference.
- Define diffraction.
- Define the three attributes of sound.
- Define and solve standing wave problems.
- Temperature, thermal expansion and heat
Describe heat transfer. Solve heat transfer problems.
- Define Celsius, Fahrenheit, Kelvin and Rankine temperature systems.
- Convert temperatures from one system to another.
- Define linear, area and volumetric expansion.
- Solve thermal expansion problems.
- Define specific heat capacity.
- Solve calorimetry problems using conservation of thermal energy.
Describe the kinetic theory of gases. Describe the ideal gas laws. Solve ideal gas problems. Find the average velocity of gas molecules.
- Define conductive heat transfer.
- Solve conduction problems.
- Define convective heat transfer.
- Solve convection problems.
- Solve combination conduction/convection problems.
- Define radiative heat transfer.
- Solve radiative heat transfer problems.
Describe the three laws of thermodynamics. Solve thermodynamics problems. Determine the thermodynamic efficiency of thermal engines and refrigerators.
- Define the kinetic theory of gases.
- Define Boyle's law (isothermal).
- Define Boyle's law (adiabatic).
- Define Charles' law.
- Define Gay Lussac's law
- Define the ideal gas law and the ideal gas constant.
- Define the limits on heating of an ideal gas during compression.
- Solve the ideal gas problems.
- Determine the average velocity of an ideal gas molecule.
- Define the zeroth law of thermodynamics.
- Define the first law of thermodynamics - conservation of energy.
- Define the second law of thermodynamics in terms of the Clausius statement, the Kelvin-Plauch statement and the Carnot efficiency.
- Solve thermodynamic problems.